The ICAR-Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology (CIPHET) was established on 3rd October 1989 at the PAU Campus, Ludhiana, Punjab, India as a nodal institute to undertake lead researches in the area of the Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology appropriate to agricultural production catchment and agro-industries.The institute’s second campus was established on 19 March 1993 at Abohar, Punjab, India. Which is primarily responsible for conducting research and development activities on fruits and vegetables, and commercial horticultural crops? ICAR-CIPHET is also headquarters for two All India Coordinated Research Projects (AICRPs) viz. AICRP on Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology (PHET) at 31 Centres and AICRP on Plasticulture Engineering & Technology (PET) at 14 Centre’s.
The Krishi Vigyan Kendra, an innovative science–based institution was established to accelerate the agricultural production and post-harvest management. Also to improve the socio-economic conditions of the farming community of Fazilka district. This Kendra was re-established to ICAR-Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology, Abohar (Fazilka) on dated 20 October 2016. Aim of KVK is accelerate the post-harvest management of agricultural production and allied activities for improving the economic status of the rural community. The concept of vocational training programme in agriculture through KVK grew substantially due to greater demand for improved/agriculture technology by the farmers. The farmers require not only the knowledge and understanding of intricacy of technologies, but also progressively more and more skills development works in various complex agricultural adoptions on their on/off farms. The eﬀectiveness of the KVK was further enhanced by the adding the activities related to on-farm testing and front line demonstration on major agricultural technologies in order to make the training of farmers’ location speciﬁc, need based and resource orientated. It run the need based skilled oriented training programme for creating job opportunities for rural community. It also acts as a facilitator to coordinate the extension activities of diﬀerent line departments for the beneﬁt of the farmers. KVK also coordinate in disseminating post-harvest based production technologies in neighboring KVKs. KVK was designed to impart the latest knowledge to the farmers through work experiences by applying the principles of “Teaching by Doing and Learning by Doing”.
ICAR-CIPHET, KVK, Abohar (Fazilka) is located at a distance of 6 kms from Abohar railway station and 290Km. from Chandigardh airport towards Fazilka road (NH 10) in Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology (CIPHET) Abohar campus (ICAR).
Mandate of KVK
Training, technology assessment, refinement and demonstration of technologies/ products.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra performs its activities as per the mandate suggested by ICAR, New Delhi.Objectives of the KVK are as follows:
- To organize On and OFF campus training programme for farmers, rural woman, youth, and officers of the department of agriculture to make them aware about the latest technologies in agriculture.
- To organize short and long term vocational training course on vegetable, floriculture, beekeeping, drying mushroom, organic farming and protective cultivation etc. for rural youth for self –employment.
- To arrange front-line demonstration and on farm trails at farmers field on improve technologies and refinement of existing technology so as to suit the need of the farmer.
165 year old historical town Fazilka, District Fazilka, also known as Bangla, is located in south western Punjab (INDIA), about 325 kms west of Punjab State Capital Chandigarh, 85 km south-west of Feroze pur and 200 km south of Amritsar. Fazilka is on India -Pakistan border and is 11 km off the international border with Pakistan. It is situated on the rice growing and cotton rich belt of the state and is one of the major rice exporting center in India. Before partition, the town was the biggest wool market in undivided Punjab. Fazilka’s origin dates back to AD 1844. It was established by Mr. Oliver and was christened after the original owner of the land, Mian Fazil Watoo.When in 1844, the tract of country on the Satluj was ceded by Bahawalpur, there was no village where Fazilka now stands, but Vans Agnew, the first officer stationed there, built himself a bungalow, in which the office of the Subdivisional Officer (Civil), Fazilka, is now located. From that bungalow, the place became known as Bangla, a name still given to the town and tehsil by the people. Two years later, Oliver established a few shops there, and gave the place the name of Fazilka from Fazil, one of early Wattu settlers. Its favrouable position near the Satluj enabled it to engross almost the whole of the export trade from the great desert tract towards Sind (now in Pakistan), and made it very soon a flourishing market. A most destructive flood visited Fazlika in 1908 and practically the whole of the town collapsed and had to be rebuilt. The first railway line through the town was setup in AD 1898 on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee celebration of the accession of Queen Victoria. Being at the border, Fazilka also had to bear the brunt of the two Indo-Pak wars of 1965 and 1971.Before the partition of the country in 1947, Fazlika was the biggest wool market in India, but thereafter the trade has been hit very hard, with a major portion of the supply area going to Pakistan and the Bikaner Town gradually attracting the raw wool produced in Rajasthan. Other products, for which the town is known, are baan, moorhas and sirkis.The famous ‘Tosha’ sweets have its origin in Fazilka. The first single cylinder steam ship in the world, Fazilka, was named after this town. Fazilka is also home to the second biggest TV tower in Asia, which stands at 305 m above the ground. Amritsar International Airport and Ludhiana Domestic Airport serves Fazilka. Fazilka Railway Station is located on Abhor- Ferozepur Region of Northern Railways.
National Highway 10 passes through Fazilka.wheat and paddy were the main crops cultivated in all the districts Fazilka.