Brief description of Agro climatic zones

Fazilka is located 30o55’06’’ N latitude and 74o36’55’’ E longitude next to the border with Pakistan, the border being to its west. It has the district of Firozpur to its north, Sri Muktsar Sahib to its east and Sri Ganganagar to the south and Pakistan to its west. It has extreme climate, with the summers being very hot and the winters being very cold. The River Sutlej runs through the district and moves over to the Pakistan side through the Indo-Pakistani border. Fazilka, also known as Bangla, is a city and a municipal council in Punjab, India. In 2011, it was made the headquarter of the newly created Fazilka district by Government of Punjab vide their Gazette Notification No. 1/1/2011-RE-II(I)/14554 dated July 27, 2011 consisting three subdivisions Fazilka, Jalalabad and Abohar besides three sub-tehsils Arniwala Sheikh Suban, Sito Guno and Khuian Sarwar. KVK, Fazilka is situated at Abohar which is about 37 Km away from District Fazilka and is well connected to other cities in the state of Rajasthan Haryana and Punjab. Railway and buses are the primary modes of transportation. The town is connected by railways to Ganganagar in south-west direction and to Delhi through Bhatinda in the east. The agro-climatic condition of Abohar is more or less same as that of Fazilka . Fazilka District lies on 196m above sea level Fazilka’s climate is a desert one. During the year, there is virtually no rainfall. The average temperature is 24.6 °C. Precipitation here is about 307 mm per year is, on the whole, dry and is characterized by a very hot summer season which lasts until about the end of June, a short rainy season July to mid-September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season, and a bracing winter November to March. The latter half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or the transition period.

Demographic features of the district

Geographical area (‘000 ha) 585
Population 11,80,483 (As of the 2011 Indian census)
Population density 371.4 per km²
Literacy rate 86.03%
Sex ratio 897/1000
Development blocks 5
Talukas(Tehsil) 3
Total villages 315
Total cultivated area (‘000 ha) 475
Total forest area (‘000 ha) 12
Total nonagricultural uses (‘000 ha) 39
Cropping intensity % 184
Net irrigated areas (‘000 ha) 474
Gross irrigated areas (‘000 ha) 874.6
Rainfed areas(‘000 ha) 400.6
Major field crops cultivated Area (‘000 ha)
Kharif Rabi Zaid Grand Totoal
Irrigated Rainfed Total Irrigated Rainfed Total Summer
Rice 260 - 260 - - - - 260
Cotton 117 - 117 - - - - 117
Moong 1.8 - 1.8 - - - - 1.8
Wheat - - - 395 - - - 395
Barley - - - 5 - - - 5
Rapeseed - - - 4 - - - 4
Gram - - - 1.3 - - - 1.3
Horticultural crops- Fruits Area (‘000 ha)
Kinnow 17.5
Orange & Malta 1.7
Guava 0.6
Ber 0.2
Horticultural crops - Vegetables Area (‘000 ha)
Potato 1.0
Other winter vegetable 2.4
Other summer vegetables 1.9
Medicinal and aromatic crops Area (‘000 ha)
Plantation crop Area (‘000 ha)
Sugarcane 1.0